Paper Heroes Location 2

Paper Heroes Location 2 (Photo credit: roadkillbuddha)

The Center for Jewish History is located on 15...

The Center for Jewish History is located on 15 West 16th Street, between 5th and 6th Avenues, in New York, NY 10011. It is home of five preeminent Jewish institutions dedicated to history, culture, and art: The American Jewish Historical Society, The American Sephardi Federation, The Leo Baeck Institute, Yeshiva University Museum, and The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sample Wikipedia template for Jewish Hhistory

Sample Wikipedia template for Jewish Hhistory (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Rows of bodies fill the yard of Lager...

English: Rows of bodies fill the yard of Lager Nordhausen, a Gestapo concentration camp. עברית: שורות של גופות מאות אסירים בחצר מחצה הריכוז נורדהאוזן. בתמונה נראות פחות ממחצית הגופות של האסירים שמתו ברעב או ביריות אנשי הגסטפו. Italiano: File di cadaveri di prigionieri riempiono il cortile del lager di Nordhausen, un campo di concentramento dalla Gestapo. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Moroccan Jewish women. From the 1901-1906 Jewi...

Moroccan Jewish women. From the 1901-1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, now in the public domain. Category:Jewish Encyclopedia images (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jews praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur. (...

Jews praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur. (1878 painting by Maurycy Gottlieb) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Metal menorah

Metal menorah (Photo credit: Skyco)

English: Museum of jewish history and culture ...

English: Museum of jewish history and culture in Belarus Русский: Музей истории и культуры евреев Беларуси (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

American Jewish History

American Jewish History (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


This album was created from names suggested by our page fans after they were asked to send names of historical Jewish persons who showed outstanding heroism or leadership in exceptional conditions, sacrificing or endangering his/her life or freedom for the sake of the Jewish People and whose actions have left significant impact in Jewish history. The vote by the page followers on the 2013 Eight Lights of Heroism will be held on November 24, before the Chanukkah Festival,
 Mariedith O’Connor About Golda Meir

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10 Etiquette Rules For Meetings That Every Professional Should Know


10 Etiquette Rules For Meetings That Every Professional Should Know

 Meeting EtiquetteMike Nudelman / Business Insider

Even if you dread them, meetings put you in front of coworkers and bosses who you may not work with on a regular basis. That means how you conduct yourself in them may leave a lasting impression.

Is it acceptable to eat during a meeting, or check your phone? Should you be the person asking questions at the end? If broken, the unwritten rules of meeting professionalism may damage your reputation.

To get a better idea of how to maintain a positive, professional image while in a meeting, we reached out to Barbara Pachter, career coach and author of the book “The Essentials Of Business Etiquette,” who gave us 10 rules you should know:

1. Be on time.

Make sure you come on time and prepare for the meeting ahead of time, says Pachter. You don’t want to waste anyone else’s time by not being punctual.

“Leaders need to start on time so people can depend on that,” she tells us.

2. Make introductions.

If everyone doesn’t know one another in the meeting room, you need to make introductions. You should do this by starting with the person of the highest rank first, says Pachter.

For example, “Ms. Greater Importance, I would like you to meet Mr. Lesser Importance.”

3. Have a strong agenda.

This is part of being prepared, but you should have a good, strong agenda so that you can stay on track. If you do get off track, you should have a strong facilitator to get you back on track, says Pachter.

4. Sit appropriately.

If it’s a sit-down meeting, you need to adjust your chair so that you’re at equal height with everyone else at the table. “Some people don’t adjust their chairs, so they end up being the little kid in the meeting,” says Pachter.

5. Speak up.

When people speak in meetings they need to speak loudly enough so that everyone hears what they’re saying. “Many men and women, especially women, do not speak loudly enough. And speaking softly is a subtle nonverbal action that can affect your professionalism,” says Pachter.

6. Understand the unwritten speaking rules.

It’s not polite to interrupt others, but in some meetings, you have to interrupt at some point or you won’t be heard. Understand the rules so that you can have a productive meeting.

7. Do not have your phone out.

A lot of people keep their phones on the table during meetings, says Pachter. Don’t do this. Even if you aren’t looking at your phone, it can get distracting if it starts lighting up or making noises.

“Put it in your pocket, keep it on vibrate, and leave the room if you have to take the call or return a text,” says Pachter. “It’s really, really rude to be texting during a meeting.”

8. You can drink coffee, but you need permission for anything else.

If you’re going to eat, it needs to be OK with the entire group, says Pachter. “You can make noise or give off smells” that are disruptive, so it needs to be OK with everyone.

9. Clean up after yourself.

This is especially true if you were drinking or eating during the meeting. You need to clean up after yourself and leave things the way you found them, says Pachter. Otherwise, it’s not professional.

10. Don’t save all your questions for the end.

Ask your questions at the appropriate time. Do not be the person who starts “asking questions and adding stuff that doesn’t need to be added” when everyone’s getting ready to go, warns Pachter.

Read more:http://www.businessinsider.com/10-etiquette-rules-for-meetings-that-every-professional-needs-to-know-2013-11#ixzz2lVfGyMHk

The 18 Most Inspiring Quotes about Israel

Cropped image of Steven Spielberg

Cropped image of Steven Spielberg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: John F. Kennedy, photograph in the Ov...

English: John F. Kennedy, photograph in the Oval Office. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Steven Spielberg with Chandran Rutnam...

English: Steven Spielberg with Chandran Rutnamin the Gala Dinner held on Wednesday, December 9th, 2009 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, honoring Steven Spielberg. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: President George W. Bush and Mrs. Lau...

English: President George W. Bush and Mrs. Laura Bush stand with the Kennedy Center honorees in the Blue Room of the White House during a reception Sunday, December 3, 2006. From left, they are: singer and songwriter William “Smokey” Robinson; musical theater composer Andrew Lloyd Webber; country singer Dolly Parton; film director Steven Spielberg; and conductor Zubin Mehta. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Former President Clinton with 2009 Li...

English: Former President Clinton with 2009 Liberty Medal recipient Steven Spielberg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Steven Spielberg at Hollywood Walk of Fame

Steven Spielberg at Hollywood Walk of Fame (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Elie Wiesel writer and spokesman on Holocaust ...

Elie Wiesel writer and spokesman on Holocaust issues addresses the US Congress (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Writer and political activist Elie Wi...

English: Writer and political activist Elie Wiesel at the Time 100 Gala, May 3, 2010. Photo by David Shankbone. This photos is licensed under the Attribution 3.0 license, which means it can be used and modified for any purpose only if the author is properly credited where it is used. Category: Elie Wiesel Category:Time 100 Gala (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen...

English: Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen, (left) presents a framed citation accompanying the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service to Steven Spielberg (right) in the Pentagon. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jewish slave laborers in the Buchenwald concen...

Jewish slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp near Jena, Germany. (April 16, 1945). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 18 Most Inspiring Quotes about Israel

By  on August 18, 2013

Israel was not created in order to disappear – Israel will endure and flourish.

It is the child of hope and the home of the brave.

It can neither be broken by adversity nor demoralized by success.

It carries the shield of democracy and it honors the sword of freedom.

John F. Kennedy,  President of the United States


The only thing chicken about Israel is their soup.” –Bob Hope, Comedian

Bob Hope

Now, when I hear that Christians are getting together in order to defend the people of Israel, of course it brings joy to my heart. And it simply says, look, people have learned from history.” – Elie Wiesel, Professor & Political Activist


From the day I started to think politically and to develop my own moral values, from my earliest youth, I have been an ardent defender of Israel.” –Steven Spielberg, Film Director & Producer


You know, I get much more Jewish in Israel because I like the way that religion is done there.” – Natalie Portman, Israeli-born Actress


We in Congress stand by Israel. In Congress, we speak with one voice on the subject of Israel.” – Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader of the US House of Representatives


In Israel, in order to be a realist you must believe in miracles.” – David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel

“No city in the world, not even Athens or Rome, ever played as great a role in the life of a nation for so long a time, as Jerusalem has done in the life of the Jewish people.” – David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel


“Jerusalem is a port city on the shore of eternity.” – Yehuda Amichai, Israeli Poet


“The United States and Israel have enjoyed a friendship built on mutual respect and commitment to democratic principles. Our continuing search for peace in the Middle East begins with a recognition that the ties uniting our two countries can never be broken.” – George W. Bush, President of the United States


“No thoughtful man can deny the fact that the Jews are, beyond any question, the most formidable and most remarkable race which has appeared in the world.” – Winston Churchill, UK Prime Minister


“We have recently been hearing threats calling for Israel’s destruction. The IDF is ready for any scenario. We will reach anywhere at any time and protect this nation.” – Benny Gantz, Chief of General Staff to the IDF

benny gantz

“We can forgive the Arabs for killing our children. We cannot forgive them for forcing us to kill their children… We will only have peace with the Arabs when they love their children more that they hate us.” – Golda Meir, Former Israeli Prime Minister

Golda Meir

“In Israel, free men and women are every day demonstrating the power of courage and faith. Back in 1948 when Israel was founded, pundits claimed the new country could never survive. Today, no one questions that. Israel is a land of stability and democracy in a region of tyranny and unrest.” – Ronald Reagan, President of the United States

ronald reagan

“I had faith in Israel before it was established … I believe it has a glorious future before it – not just another sovereign nation, but as an embodiment of the great ideals of our civilization.” – Harry S. Truman, President of the United States


“We are a nation that loves the peace. We will never stop growing and developing but we know how to protect ourselves using force.” – Moshe Yaalon, former Chief of Staff to the IDF

moshe yaalon

“I have made it a top priority for my administration to deepen cooperation with Israel across the whole spectrum of security issues — intelligence, military, technology.” – Barack Obama, President of the United States

Barack Obama

“American and Israel share a special bond. Our relationship is unique among all nations. Like America, Israel is a strong democracy, a symbol of freedom, and an oasis of liberty, a home to the oppressed and persecuted.” – Bill Clinton, President of the United States

bill clinton

– – –

Photos: Wikipedia

Evolution of Black Majority Rule in South Africa

Press Conference by President of African Natio...

Press Conference by President of African National Congress of South Africa (Photo credit: United Nations Photo)

English: Map showing the territorial four main...

English: Map showing the territorial four main races/ethnicities/colors of South Africa in 1979: Whites, Coloureds, Blacks and Indians. The gray areas indicate the Apartheid-era Bantustans, which are almost exclusively black. This map is a photoshopped version of the CIA-made original map at Perry Castañeda map collection at the University of Texas website. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Map showing, for each electoral ward ...

English: Map showing, for each electoral ward in South Africa, the percentage of votes in the 2009 National Assembly election that were cast for the African National Congress. 0–20% 20–40% 40–60% 60–80% 80–100% (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

United Democratic Front (South Africa)

United Democratic Front (South Africa) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: South Africa (orthographic projection)

English: South Africa (orthographic projection) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Early activism over the issue of sporting cont...

Early activism over the issue of sporting contacts with apartheid South Africa (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Signs on a beach in , , . The top sign is in E...

Signs on a beach in , , . The top sign is in English and ; the English version states: “White persons only. This beach & the amenities thereof have been reserved for white persons only. By order, Provincial Secretary.” The bottom sign indicates that dogs are not permitted on the beach. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Taken and donated by Guinnog.

Taken and donated by Guinnog. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The original architects of apartheid gathered ...

The original architects of apartheid gathered around a map of a planned township. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Anti-apartheid protest in London, UK,...

English: Anti-apartheid protest in London, UK, at South Africa House (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“For use by white persons” – sign from the apa...

“For use by white persons” – sign from the apartheid era Español: “Sólo para blancos” – letrero de la era del apartheid (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Negotiations to End Apartheid in South Africa

Negotiations to End Apartheid in South Africa (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

South Africa

South Africa (Photo credit: United Nations Photo)

Apartheid in South Africa

Apartheid in South Africa (Photo credit: United Nations Photo)

On the African continent, civic organisations have been associated with national liberation movements and trade unions, they challenged the laws that underpinned the system of settler colonialism. While these organisations are supposed to be located outside of the formal governmental, party-political or development-agency institutions, they are often affiliated to political organisations. In the South African context, civic organisations were historically radical, community-based organisations that were established to protest and attempt to improve the living conditions under the apartheid system. Thus to understand the posture and orientation of civic organisations in South Africa, it is necessary to first give a brief analysis of the socio-political milieu of townships, the birthplace of the civic movement, in apartheid South Africa.

The establishment of townships in South Africa came as a result of the promulgation of the Native Affairs Urban Areas Act, which made provision for the establishment of a special kind of township that was intended as a habitat for migrant black labourers who toiled in the mines of Witwatersrand and the homes of white people. These townships were situated close enough to the metropolis to make allowance for black workers to commute, but far enough that they would not taint ivory towers of white existence with blackness. The infrastructure in these townships was of inferior quality and there was poor sanitation, with rubbish bins overflowing, sewage pipes blocked and streets unpaved. These poor conditions became a fertile ground for nurturing a community consciousness and for developing a resistance culture among black township residents.

The banning of national liberation movements in South Africa in the mid-1960s created a political vacuum that led to the growth in community consciousness. During the period of the 1970s, the ANC, the PAC and other liberation movements had little organisational presence inside the country. As a result, from the late 1970s, civic organisations that emerged in townships were at the forefront of struggles. These organisations became key players in the resistance movement, with their strategic thrust being that of seizing power from the apartheid government and its structures at a local level. They mobilised township residents against the state towards the realisation of an apartheid-free South Africa. This civics contributed to the formation of the SA National Civics Organisation (Sanco) in 1992, a civic organisation that is a component of the ANC-led Mass Democratic Movement (MDM).

The importance of Sanco belonging to the anti-apartheid MDM pre-1994 is evident. However, the orientation of the civic movement in the post-apartheid period is different to that of the former dispensation. The most important factor that is giving rise to the emergence of new social movements in our country is the high and growing levels of poverty, unemployment and inequality that characterise our current society. These triple challenges are a result of both an inherited apartheid past (in which a two-tier economic system that marginalised the black majority existed) and a post-apartheid government that is defined by maladministration, corruption and misappropriation of state resources. And so in essence, post-1994 civic movements are a response to the specific and real failures of a democratic state in the form of the ANC government to deliver on its responsibilities to the citizens it governs.

The reality of the situation is that the pre-1994 ANC is not the same one we have today. As such, the argument that civil society must work with government does not hold, because ours is not a progressive government that truly champions working-class interests. The former ANC was a liberation movement fighting against an unjust system that stratified people on the basis of race and class. Today, it is a bourgeois nationalist organisation that harbours the worst elements within its leadership ranks, and one that, through policies such as BEE and the controversial willing-buyer, willing-seller policy undermines the land-redistribution process and protects the interests of capital.

Sanco therefore cannot continue to belong to an alliance with a ruling party that is attempting (lugubriously) to represent the interests of the working-class majority and the bourgeoisie, at a time when Africa is faced with a neo-liberal crisis and imperial devastation at whose receiving end the poor majority is located. Furthermore, its alliance with the ruling party alienates many people because the working class itself, while it has common struggles, is not homogenous in its political outlook. Some of us love civil society but we do not want to work within the alliance.

The responsibility of reclaiming the civil-society space, in a quest to fulfil a historical mission of consolidating the struggles of the working-class masses, is one that Sanco must necessarily take. The failure to do this will result in the death of a gallant organisation and the birth of potentially reactionary formations that will undermine the revolutionary gains our country claimed through blood and sweat.